Boxers everywhere will tell you that the true core of the sport is the art of hitting without getting hit. As Muhammad Ali once famously said, “Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee, the hands can’t hit what the eyes can’t see.” Some boxers take these defensive skills to a whole other level, and those are the ones we’re taking a look at today: Here are three of the best defensive boxers of all time.
Floyd “Money” Mayweather Jr.
Regarded as the best technical boxer of this age, Floyd Mayweather Jr. is the man who perfected the ‘Philly Shell,’ a move typically regarded as a useful but situational weapon. The Philly Shell defense is constructed of 3 main factors:
The Philly Shell
The lead hand is turned and tucked against the sternum in an ‘L’ shape, raising the shoulder to protect the chin.
The rear hand is tucked tight against the chin on the other side, providing solid defense from both right and left-hand shots to the body and head.
Twisting the hips to either side allows the boxer to deflect punches off his lead shoulder or rear hand, enabling quick counter shots.
The usual weakness of this defensive boxing technique is that punch selection from this position is generally limited, however, Floyd was able to negate this weakness by using his very high ring IQ and clever use of a flicking jab off the back foot to funnel opponents into the right ‘lines of fire’ to land his best punches and negate theirs. Watch his skills in full effect by watching the Mayweather vs. Mosley fight.
Pernell “Sweet Pea” Whitaker
Image Credit: The Ring
Just as Mayweather is considered the best defensive boxer of this age, many consider Pernell Whitaker the best defensive boxer of the previous boxing era. An incredibly slick southpaw fighter, Whitaker used the check lead hook and stutter step, common tools for defensive boxers to prevent opponents from lining up punches correctly. This allowed him to use his incredible reflexes to dodge seemingly hundreds of punches at a time. Here’s how these techniques work in tandem:
First, an orthodox opponent throws a jab. Whitaker slips to the outside of the jab to pivot right while simultaneously throwing a quick hook/looping jab over the top.
Next, the opponent turns to continue the approach, likely behind a high guard. Whitaker brings his rear foot back, giving the appearance of giving ground. When the opponent takes the bait, Whitaker instead steps out to his left, completely misaligning his opponent.
As the opponent turns to attack, his punches will be unbalanced and weak, allowing Whitaker to easily dodge and counter with precise, far more powerful punches.
Whitaker was an all-time great when it came to boxing defense, and along with Mayweather, is one of the least hit boxers in history because he took a basic technique and elevated it to an elite level. Check out Pernell Whitaker vs. Julio Cezar Vasquez to see his work in action.
Image Credit: Biography
No article about defensive boxing would be complete without “The Greatest” himself. Between the ‘Ali Shuffle’ and the Rope-a-Dope, Ali was able to confuse and bewilder opponents to the point where it truly felt like he was a ghost in the ring. Here’s how these two techniques work.
The Ali Shuffle
The Ali Shuffle is a visual trick used to throw off timing. To do the Ali Shuffle, you rapidly switch your front and rear foot back and forth, eventually interrupting this sequence with a punch.
The best way to use this technique is to intersperse it in-between stick and move style footwork to throw off the opponent’s rhythm, making them second guess the timing of their punches.
The Rope a Dope
The Rope a Dope is a risky strategy used to frustrate and exhaust a fighter who is low on stamina, preferably a brawler with less than stellar technique. It relies on quick reflexes and the added help of the elastic ring ropes to allow you to wildly dodge punches for an extended period without falling off balance.
This strategy works best against heavy-handed boxers that have already thrown a lot of punches, as the Rope a Dope relies on the opponent getting tired to be effective. Save it for the late rounds!
Muhammad Ali is one of the best heavyweights of all time, mostly because he had a defensive edge over the vast majority of his competition, using footwork and hand speed that is usually only found in lower weight classes. Watch his historic fights with Foreman or Sonny Liston to see his strategy play out in real time!
Boxing off the back foot and dodging punches are why I fell in love with the sport. I loved watching fighters like Mayweather dodge punches and seemingly predict their opponent’s every move. There are a ton of boxers I didn’t cover here that are defensive maestros. Tell us which of your favorite defensive fighters I missed in the FightCamp Community!
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